History of breed Maine Coon
As with many breeds of cats, the origin of the Maine Coons, in fact, is unknown. Rather, they appeared in the crossing of domesticated shorthaired and longhaired cats brought by traders from Asia Minor in Maine and other parts of New England at a time when registration of cats have not yet carried out.
It is possible that in those early days of Maine Coon lived in freedom and got their name from the appearance and habits, resembling raccoons. Both are distinguished by a long fur, as well as inter-breed cats is not uncommon color with tabby pattern, similar to a raccoon increases.
While there are no old registration data does not exist, Maine Coons to the end of the XIX century were widespread in the eastern U.S. states. Many Maine Coons participated in the first New York exhibition of cats (1860), and it meynskaya raccoon won the title Best in Show at Madison Square Gardens in New York in 1895. Shortly thereafter, however, interest in the breed almost died out until the formation in 1953 club maine coon, contributed to the revival of interest in him and the organization of regular exhibitions of cats of this breed.
Maine Coon has long gone beyond the limits of the state, which gave him the title. It is well known and bred now everywhere in the United States and even Europe.
If you try to reduce to a pair of phrases, the oldest history of breeds of cats, probably, most of them would sound like this: the first representatives of the breed were found in England (in France), were then exported to the United States, where for many years breeders "have a modern face "this breed. Cat, of which we speak today is something quite different. This is a real native American cat.
"Raccoon cat from the state of Maine - has long lived on farms and in its responsibility to fight with great rodents," Raccoon cat from the State of Maine "- the first cat that was presented at the Cat Show in the United States in the late 19 century.
At the first exhibition in Boston in January 1878 were submitted more than a dozen representatives of this breed, called in the publications of that time not only as "gentle giants".
Letter from Mrs Jackie Bdzhonness (Mrs. Jack Bjonness) to Mrs. Rhode Ldzhostad (Mrs. Rod Ljostad) describes a maine coon that time as follows: "snout more elongated than the domestic shorthair cat, the length of hair - about twice shorter than that Persian. High end tufted ears, like the ears lynx. The cat is high on the legs, not compact, like a Persian, but no one will dare to call maine coon slim. They are extremely tough ....
Since that time, started the "official" history of the breed, which is described in detail in numerous publications. The earlier history of the breed is shrouded in mystery. Cats got on the American continent for a long time with the first ships from Europe. They are the descendants of those same ships krysylovov, without which did not go to sea no ship. In what century it was exactly - can only guess. Was it a cat or cats settlers, escaped after a shipwreck and feral - is anyone's guess. History of cats in this case is closely intertwined with the history of the development of America.
Next - region of legends. Incredible, but still many are inclined to believe that those same cats, arriving on the American continent, clashed with the North American lynx ( "forcible argument in favor of the versions are known to everybody tassels on the ears), or even a raccoon (in favor of this version is part of the name "Coon» (rac (c) oon; coon), which means "raccoon" and coat color, the color of raccoon fur. Versions are extremely romantic and attractive, but has no ground under its feet because of species differences and the impossibility interspecific crosses.
The second riddle maine coon - long hair. As is known, the ships traveled mostly short-haired cats, woolly same adorn palaces and luxury.
One legend tells that the Maine-Coon is obliged to Marie-Antoinette. Captain Samuel was trying hard to prepare escape beleaguered queen of France in 1793. A ship full of things that the queen, known admirer of luxury, considered it necessary to seize the road: luxury furniture, costly gadgets and six beloved cats queen. But fate decreed otherwise. Escape failed, the Queen was executed and the captain was forced to flee for fear of persecution. This luxury cat disgraced Queen came to the Americas, where they found a new home and were taken into the society shorthair cat who arrived on the continent before.
Another, but not the least bit romantic version tells us that there once was an English captain, who has the nickname "Raccoon" and the well-known fact that he adored cats and not to cruise without his purring suite. On his ship inhabited by a lot of expensive cats, especially Persian and Angora. The captain traveled to the shores of America. People who fell into the hands of kittens with this ship, understandably said "these kittens from Coon.
This is a legend, but in general we can say that the appearance of long-haired cats in the Americas due to the economic development of America. The first settlers were very poor and they were, of course, accompanied by short-haired cats. With the development of the country, it becomes attractive to a growing number of very wealthy people, and their companions to the shores of New England are long-haired cats.
It is their descendants began to render habitable the east coast and, of course, survived the stronger and more adapted individuals.
n snowy winters were free to move only cats with long powerful, strong limbs and broad paws, resembling snowshoes.
The ears, as most prone to cooling of the body, bound more strongly opushalis. Long hair, inherited a legacy from the aristocratic ancestors, protected from the cold. Incidentally, hair maine coon highly subject to seasonal changes, the most fluff in the winter and vylinivaya in the summer heat.
But the true pride of Maine coons - their tail, often described by the authors as "tail with a cat on the end." Perhaps it is a fluffy blanket had to be a cat, for that would hide in the cold of winter. Maybe it's much easier, and cats that are under natural selection got long legs, were at the same time the nature and a long tail.
As the development of America, the Maine coon cat became a favorite of American farmers. This American farm cat had to be very healthy, able to take care of their food and also be quick-witted.
The favorite "fun" of rural residents in those distant times were fair with their eternal competition. The competition was not the number: the competition of cowboys, dog and cock fighting, horse racing. But all this competition is not limited to fantasy "cowboys". American "megalomania" gave rise to a desire to know who will grow the biggest fruit, the biggest bull ... the biggest cat ... During the years 1850-1860. Similar competitions have become so popular that farmers have created their own exhibition of cats in the Skowhegan Fair, which competed only ancestors maine coon for the title of «Maine State Champion Coon Cat». Perhaps those fair gave the first impetus selection - competitive farmers have sought the most-largest cats.
Exhibition in Boston early this era of breeding and show cats, although I must say that the really difficult to call the number exhibited in years maine coon due to the fact that all long-haired cats (Persians, Angoras, maine coon) exhibited in the same group - long-haired cats.
In the early 20 th century began, this exhibition fever. Cat shows every week held in many cities, spreading gradually from east to west coast. Around the same time, CFA, founded in 1908, began keeping the first and only at that time, breeding records, recording producers, certainly indicating that parents of long-haired animal and have no known shorthaired ancestors.
The selection was very thorough. The advantage of the breed was its multiplicity and the recognition of all colors at the time of registration. That is, as the breeding material used is not isolated cats brought from Europe, and virtually unlimited population of the local long-haired cats.
Breeders did not seek to change this magnificent animal, just to keep it in pristine beauty, so early is not to inbreed cats that good health and psychological balance of cats.
Psychological resistance maine coon admirable, but is explained quite simply. With the choice of breeding material from the vast number of individuals, the breeders first sought to pick up psychologically balanced, well-related to the people of animals. This desire breeders more than understandable if we recall the size of Maine-coon (adult males about 17 kg.). Keep your home and show aggressive cat of this size is practically impossible.
Thus, maine coon - is only one breed, which was chosen not only on external data, but primarily on the traits of character that we can see today.
Maine Coons, as an independent breed there are already about 150 years.
For many years there were a history of ups and downs.
Show career maine coon, so excellent start, collapsed overnight when, in describing the breeds of cats in 1911, "raccoon cat state of Maine were included in the AOV category, but simply equated with the domestic cat.
The next four decades - a period of decline and neglect. At the end of 50 years the breed was recognized as lost. But news of the death of rock have been somewhat exaggerated.
In early 1950, Smith, Alta (Alta Smith) and Daher Ruby (Ruby Dyer) establish an independent "Central Maine State Cat Club» (Central Maine Cat Club) and started to rebuild the breed. Since the show photos of cats, having periods of the demonstration of cats in barns members of the club, then in elementary school classes, then in gyms, done a great job - the club in 1963, ceased to exist. But by that time there was some amount of active breeder of this breed.
These people, and began again to show their cats at shows association, where their ancestors had left more than 40 years ago, and again started with the exhibition AOV class.
In 1968 he again had the idea to create a club maine coon, but within the recognized association of cat lovers.
In 1969 was an attempt to give the breed a temporary status. However, such attempts were rejected because of the extremely small number of registered animals of this breed.
The next five years, enthusiasts rock club had a great job.
It was officially registered breed club, written by interim standards, the number of registered cats rose from 20 (1971) to 133 (1977).
Finally, in 1975 Maine Coons received temporary status of the breed, which is quite fast, 1 May 1976 has been changed to championship status.
May 1, 1976 can be called the second birthday of the breed.
A year later, in 1977 the first Maine Coon received the title of champion. He was CH Lybe Christa''s Katy. In 1978 - the first Maine Coon (GC Purrbred''s Silent Stranger) received the title of Grand Champion.
Beginning 80 years were marked by a national victory for cats GC NW Tufpaws Rosette, Rosie was 19 th best adult show 1983-84 season.
Popularity maine coons in the United States has consistently grown and now this is one of the ten most popular cats in America.
What about Europe?
In mid-1980's began an active inflow of Maine coons in England, where the rock suddenly just became extremely popular. In 1988, Maine Kunama had the preliminary status of the GCCF, which, due to emergency activity cats of this breed in 1992 was changed to the temporary status. And, finally, 1 June 1994 the breed was unconditionally accepted, receiving championship status. To date, the second most popular breed in the GCCF.
Maine Coons are very gentle creatures, perfectly ladyaschie with all members of the family and other pets. Yet maine coon prefer to choose for themselves one master, and especially loyal to him.
Let us discuss all the pros and cons of the emergence of new MC in your home.
The apparent advantage of Kuna is his mind, gentle-tempered nature. He easily finds its place in the new house, not conflict. Wool maine coon does not require special care.
There is only one major drawback breed, to keep in mind, the code you open its doors to the Maine-Kun. One Kuna is never enough! One day, settling at his home one such cat, you soon will search a second!
Maggitti, Phil. "The Maine Coon."